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What is called Virtual Water ?

The Hidden water of a product is Beyond our imagination
Virtual water” . Most of us not aware about this or might have seen in TV documentary only. Virtual water or hidden water” is about water that is used for our daily lives for  the production of goods (meat, veggies, leather) and  various services.

However the water used for a product is vary depends on the climate and the agricultural strategies used by the countries
 
The Food products & its Water consumption:
Our daily usage of food stuffs and their water consumption is given below,


Food items
Quantity
Water consumption                  (Litres)
Chocolate
1 kg
17,196
Beef
1 kg
15,415
Sheep Meat
1 kg
10,412
Pork
1 kg
5,988
Butter
1 kg
5,553
Chicken meat
1 kg
4,325
Cheese
1 kg
3,178
Olives
1 kg
3,025
Rice
1 kg
2,497
Cotton
1 @ 250g
2,495
Pasta (dry)
1 kg
1,849
Bread
1 kg
1,608
Pizza
1 unit
1,239
Apple
1 kg
822
Banana
1 kg
790
Potatoes
1 kg
287
Milk
1 x 250ml glass
255
Cabbage
1 kg
237
Tomato
1 kg
214
Egg
1
196
Wine
1 x 250ml glass
109
Beer
1 x 250ml glass
74
Tea
1 x 250 ml cup
27
Bottled water
1 liter
3

water consumption to produce  food stuffs
Virtual Water on foods
However, in countries , where a most  of people are vegetarians , the water footprint is very much  lower. Top five biggest average daily users of water are the United States of America., Australia, Japan, Italy and Mexico – all five of these  countries use more over 300 liters per day .
The countries in which the water poverty is the most worst and water usage is the lower are Mozambique, Rwanda, Haiti, Ethiopia, and Uganda – these five countries are using  15 liters or less per day .”
The Industrial products & Water consumption
 
 The daily using products including dress to electronics items are consuming lot of water , which we won’t imagine

Product
Quantity
               Water consumption
                     (litres)
Car
1
450,000
Steel
1 ton
234,696
Smartphone
1
12,000
Jeans Pant
1
10,850
Bedsheet
1
9,750
Cement
1 ton
5,148
T Shirt
1
2,700
CellPhone
1
900
Diaper
75 gram
810
Laptop
1
333
Paint
1 gallon
50
Computer chip
1
37
cotton bud
1
4
                                 
 
Importance of water management:
 
the dry land without water
Draught land
The planet earth does not have a substitute for water unlike the oil sources . Less than 1 % of fresh  water  only accessible for human consumption .if present situation continues , the world will face more water stressed areas , already United Kingdom has witnessed some areas with water stress
Please think about how much we all rely on water.. We have to monitor and control  the use of our water; we have to use every drop most efficiently. Is there any other alternative  way ! definitely not
How to preserve the water
Water is hidden in all that we  use see in the daily life , in our  cars, our  clothes, and in our  bread & sandwiches. However  we  all can significantly and easily limit  our water footprints.
           ·  Buy water efficient white goods
           ·  Turn off the tap while we brush our teeth
           ·   Fix leaks
           ·   Limit the further pollution of water
The Solutions
 
As a Human being in this modern world , we can not always reduce our water consumption in some extent . but we can follow below steps ,
Use maximum extent of a product till it can be used or reuse for other purpose
   
Example :
         ·   A faded or torn  T shirt/clothes  can be used for other household uses like  wiping rather than throwing away it
         ·   A malfunctioned or minor damaged electronic items can be repaired at least once ,instead of replacing it with a new devices. It saves our money also
 
A man repairing electronic device
Repairing electronics
 
         ·   Food waste can be controlled by each individual’s habit of non-spilling them or ordering food  stuffs   in a small quantity as per the need & appetite, instead of wasting a part of a big meal.
 
         ·   Food waste of hotel and restaurants can be organized and distributed to the needed people
 
        ·   Separate recyclable and non-recyclable items in garbage to ease the recycle process
Conclusion
 
Recycle of water
Water management plant
Sustainable water use begins in the home and at work. We cannot expect to resolve international water scarcity issues unless we first address these same issues at home. We do waste a lot of water every day.
 Yet if everyone made a few small changes in their habits and buying habits,  then It is possible to save millions of gallons / liters of water each day.
“Be Aware of virtual water and Spread the information to all and have a healthier life .”
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